Acta toxicológica argentina
versión On-line ISSN 1851-3743
ROVEDATTI, María Gabriela et al. Prevention in environmental health for pesticide exposed populations: interviews in rural communities and workshop for multiplying agents. Acta toxicol. argent. [online]. 2006, vol.14, n.1, pp. 2-7. ISSN 1851-3743.
In Argentina, the agricultural area of High Valley of Río Negro and Neuquén, is a region of pesticide residential exposition in view of the environmental dynamics of these compounds and the geographic situation of their communities. Considering that people prevention behavior depends on their educational level, this work was designed with the purpose of preparing health workers of Cinco Saltos Hospital, location settled in this area, as multiplying agents to strengthen those conducts. Previously to this preparation, interviews were performed in a rural community where, though 92% of the women were alphabetized, 81% ignored the time covered by the annual fumigation period and only the 12% knew about pesticides routes of absorption. Risk behaviors were registered for domestic use of pesticides and for residential exposure. Although children were identified (95%) as the most vulnerable social group and 58% estimated that maternal exposition affects the fetus, only 56 % took cares during fumigation period and 92% used pesticides at home. A diagnostic poll performed with the health workers revealed an important lack of knowledge about indirect exposition. According to the information obtained in both activities a Workshop about pesticides toxicology was organized, whose approval included the design of a work plan to be carried out with the communities under risk. Additionally, actions were performed to diffuse this theme in local media.
Palabras clave : Pesticides; Residential exposure; Prevention; Risk.