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Acta toxicológica argentina

On-line version ISSN 1851-3743


CARAFFA, Evangelina et al. Determination of micronuclei frequency in erythrocytes of Bufo arenarum inhabiting urbanized environments. Acta toxicol. argent. [online]. 2013, vol.21, n.2, pp.78-84. ISSN 1851-3743.

Amphibians are integral constituents of natural and agricultural ecosystems, and because of their sensitivity can be used as bioindicators. Micronuclei test is used as a biomarker for determining the response to genotoxic agents. The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the frequency of micronuclei in peripheral blood erythrocytes of Bufo arenarum toads that inhabiting anthropic environments for the city of Rio Cuarto. Organisms used in the MN test were collected from three sites modified: an urban lakeVilla Dalcar (33º06´S-64º22´W) and two cultivation sites called Crop 1 (33º05'S-64º26'W) and Crop 2 (33º05'S-64º25'W). As a control site, an area in the mountains of Comechingones, Las Guindas (32º35'S-64º42'W), belonging to the UNRC was sampled. At each site, eight individuals were collected using pitfall traps and by visual encounter surveys. To each individual is bled from the vein angularis immediately after capture. We performed two extended for each individual, air-dried for 24 hours, then fixed with methanol for 20 minutes and stained with 5% Giemsa for 10 minutes. Then the smears were analyzed with microscope (1000X) and took pictures with digital camera. For each individual the frequency of micronuclei for 4000 cells was recorded. Comparisons were made using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Micronuclei frequencies found are: Las Guindas: 0.17± 0.23; Crop 1: 0.78 ± 0.28, Crop 2: 0.61 ± 0.45 and Villa Dalcar: 0.76 ± 0.47. There are significant differences between the control and the other sites (p< 0.01). These findings show the relevance in the application of micronucleus test in vivo for anuran amphibians to compare different environments. These results suggest the need for further research and monitoring longer time for these environments, including such other biomarkers, as well as other possible species representative of the region.

Keywords : Micronuclei; Amphibians; Bufo arenarum; Agroecosystems.

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