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Acta toxicológica argentina

On-line version ISSN 1851-3743


SARACCO, Aldo Sergio  and  LIMA, Cristian O. Datura stramonium poisoning: series of three cases. Acta toxicol. argent. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.2, pp.83-88. ISSN 1851-3743.

A series of three cases of pediatric patients with poisoning by ingestion of seeds of Datura stramonium, which occurred during the month of May in the province of Mendoza is presented. Male patients, among 15 and 3 years old. One associated with intentional ingestion of seeds and other two by accidentally ingesting seeds while playing with the fruit of the poisonous plant. Seed collection was conducted in rural and peri-urban areas, and all patients were brought to the office by relatives, due to the presence of dysarthria disorientation and ataxia. The three patients developed anticholinergic syndrome with delirium and hallucinations, requiring hospitalization and symptomatic treatment. All cases had favorable outcome and complete recovery within 24 to 72 hours. It is highlighted the risk posed by the presence of this toxic plant, not only for its easy availability, but low lethal doses of its alkaloids and lack of etiological diagnosis by emergency services.

Keywords : Plant; Intoxication; Hallucinogenic; Jimson weed.

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