versión On-line ISSN 1851-4669
BOCCO, Andrea Alejandra. Tension Among Intellectual Projects, State Policy, and Mass Emergency in Folk Songs. Anclajes [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.1, pp. 27-40. ISSN 1851-4669.
On the one hand, this article explores the "folk song cycle" and analyzes the social, historical and cultural context in which the cycle has developed, noticing different contextual aspects, such as the consolidation of folk studies, the initiation -since the Centenary- of a state project to rescue and study native or local literary productions, and the rising of nationalist thinking and some mass political movements as Yrigoyenism and Peronism. On the other hand, this work recognizes a series of contradictory operations working simultaneously all along the development of that cycle, such as the unveiling of the "substantial" nation on the basis of a Hispanic matrix and a mapping that breaks out the traditional mould and exposes the interstices of miscegenation and native cultures; depreciating informants but considering people as subjects of knowledge, excluding and including immigrants. Folk songs display the nation's ethnic differential mark, but at the same time, they turn into manifestations of nationality; crystallizations of a state project and intellectual operations. They also become records of a new emergent social subject that enters the history and culture of Argentina (the Yrigoyenist "chusma", the Peronist "cabecita negra").
Palabras clave : Folk songs; Popular (folk) culture; Nationalist thinking; Mass movements.