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Phyton (Buenos Aires)

versión On-line ISSN 1851-5657


AVILA-QUEZADA, G et al. Diagnosis of the microbiological quality of fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua, Mexico. Phyton (B. Aires) [online]. 2008, vol.77, pp. 129-136. ISSN 1851-5657.

We determined the microbiological quality of the most important fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua State (Mexico) to know the potential risks and apply prevention strategies prior to their consumption. Samples of jalapeño, bell and serrano pepper, cantaloupe, saladet and grape tomato, peach and Golden and Starkimson apple and of well, channel, irrigation and drinking water, as well as that for washing in packing were ana-lyzed to determine Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, total and fecal coliforms, fungi and yeasts. Determinations were made following the methodology indicated by the Mexican regulations (NOM-111-SSA1-1994). Sampling was made in the whole Chihuahua State during the production cycle in 2004. Results suggest taking corrective measures to minimize microbiological con-tamination risks during the production process. One of these actions includes training of producers and their personnel about Good Agricultural Practices.

Palabras clave : Food safety; Pathogens; Fruits and vegetables.

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