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Salud colectiva

On-line version ISSN 1851-8265


SPINELLI, Hugo; SANTORO, Adrián; GUEVEL, Carlos  and  ALAZRAQUI, Marcio. Time trend study of firearm mortality in Argentina, 1980-2012. Salud colect. [online]. 2015, vol.11, n.2, pp.151-176. ISSN 1851-8265.

This work analyzes the impact of firearm mortality between 1980 and 2012 in Argentina. For this purpose a descriptive epidemiological time trend study was carried out including the following variables: sex, age group, intentionality and jurisdiction. Data was obtained from the Office of Health Statistics and Information of the Argentine Ministry of Health. A total of 87,671 deaths due to firearms were discovered, of which 85.7% occurred in men. The highest mortality rate due to firearms corresponded to the year 2002, reaching 21.2 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. The age group concentrating the largest number of deaths due to firearms was that of 20-29 years, accounting for 25.6% of all deaths. The highest adjusted rates corresponded to the years 2000-2002, with values of 10.0 to 11.6 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. This time period coincides with the institutional-economic crisis the country experienced. The province of Buenos Aires was the place of residence of 49.1% of the deceased. In the discussion, political-economic and ideological-cultural dimensions of the relations among firearms, violence, science and society are considered.

Keywords : Mortality; Firearms; Mortality Rate; Violence; Argentina.

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