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Salud colectiva

versión impresa ISSN 1669-2381versión On-line ISSN 1851-8265

Resumen

PONCE, Patricia; MUNOZ, Rubén  y  STIVAL, Matías. Indigenous peoples, HIV and public policy in Latin America: an exploration of the current situations of epidemiological prevalence, prevention, care and timely treatment. Salud colect. [online]. 2017, vol.13, n.3, pp.537-554. ISSN 1669-2381.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18294/sc.2017.1120.

This article aims to describe and analyze the situations of epidemiological prevalence, prevention, care and treatment of HIV in indigenous populations of Latin America. In order to do so, 304 published materials - including declarations, public policy and health program protocols, case studies and literature reviews with local, national and regional scopes - were identified, classified and analyzed. The differential social vulnerability to HIV infection and the inequity in health care access among indigenous populations can be attributed to the juxtaposition of factors such as structural violence, gender, racism, and discrimination due health condition (living with HIV) as well as the subordinated position of indigenous peoples in societies stratified not only socially and economically but also ethnically and culturally. The few studies done in the region on epidemiological prevalence, morbidity and mortality that are disaggregated by ethnicity reveal alarming data highlighting the need for further information on the epidemic in this population so as to address its repercussions in terms of prevention, care and timely follow-up.

Palabras clave : Medical Anthropology; HIV; Indigenous Population; Racism; Public Policies.

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