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Salud colectiva

Print version ISSN 1669-2381On-line version ISSN 1851-8265


MARTINHAGO, Fernanda; LAVAGNINO, Nicolás José; FOLGUERA, Guillermo  and  CAPONI, Sandra. Risk factors and genetic bases: the case of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Salud colect. [online]. 2019, vol.15, e1952. ISSN 1669-2381.

ABSTRACT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered to be the most frequent mental disorder in childhood. Although its diagnosis in the most utilized handbook of psychiatry in the world today - the Diagnostic and statistical handbook of mental disorders (DSM-5) - is based on behaviors of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, numerous attempts to describe the biological bases of the disorder can be found, to be used for and also as risk markers. In this paper, we will critically analyze the validity of studies associated with the search for genetic markers of ADHD. First, a characterization of ADHD by the DSM-5 handbook is presented. Subsequently, the link between ADHD, risk factors and genetic markers is developed. Finally, some conclusions are presented which highlight simplifications and omissions that could have significant consequences.

Keywords : Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Risk Factors; Diagnostic and Statistical Handbook of Mental Disorders; Genetics; Genomics.

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