Estudios de filosofía práctica e historia de las ideas
versão On-line ISSN 1851-9490
RAMAGLIA, Dante. Current discussions about the policies of recognition: constitution of the subjects and social change. Estud. filos. práct. hist. ideas [online]. 2010, vol.12, n.2, pp. 45-54. ISSN 1851-9490.
The perspectives provided by the recognition theory to understand the transformations that have been happening in contemporary societies, have swiftly turned into a focus of discussion in social and political philosophy. Especially there are examined some theoretical proposals which depart from the consideration of the anthropological sense of recognition, and its reinterpretation from the definition that it has in modern culture, in philosophers like Rousseau and Hegel, in order to give different keys of interpreting those social change processes which have been taking place till the present. One of the analyzed options is associated with the frankfurtian philosopher Axel Honneth, who has developed a set of thesis about the importance of mutual recognition in relation to the dynamics that mobilize social conflicts. Besides the need to contrast this with other contemporary approaches, they are also reviewed some assumptions and scopes of the theory of recognition from a critical perspective that is contextualized within the framework of the transformations produced by globalization and the ongoing crisis of capitalist societies. From this point of view, it is interesting to inquire into the significance of alternative manifestations of social movements in their new forms of protest and claim of justice. In this respect, some guidelines concerning the policies of recognition are tested, as this discussion involves an evaluation of equality and difference as normative and guiding principles of the material and cultural changes occurring in today's world.
Palavras-chave : Policies of recognition; Critical Theory; Social change.