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Estudios de filosofía práctica e historia de las ideas

versión On-line ISSN 1851-9490

Resumen

CASANOVA BRITO, Mauricio. The Evolution of the Concept of Historical Narration: Apogee and Crisis of the Dialectical Idea of Narration. Estud. filos. práct. hist. ideas [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.2, pp.9-19. ISSN 1851-9490.

Despite the fact that historians have often considered that modern historical knowledge originates in opposition to philosophy of history and positivism, in the traditional idea of narration the inheritance of Hegel's dialectical philosophy is recurrent: in both cases, the becoming of the self-constitution of the Being determines the knowledge method. Hegel asseverates that phases of logic are not only transcendental conditions that make possible the experience, but stages in the self-determination of Spirit. Ranke affirms that narration is the historical appropriate method due to the fact that the history itself possesses a narrative structure. Since 1970's, this idea of narration undergoes a crisis. Our hypothesis is that the prevalent perspectives of this concept, used at present by historians and theorists of history, correspond to the principal positions of contemporary philosophical thought: narration as an analytic model (analytical philosophy), narration as condition of practical discourse (critical theory), narration as a function of legitimation (postmodernism), narration without structure (post-structuralism, and narration as transcultural need (hermeneutics).

Palabras clave : Narration; Historicism; Analytical philosophy; Hermeneutics.

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