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On-line version ISSN 1851-9601


PEREZ LINAN, Aníbal. El impacto de la democratización en las crisis presidenciales: Un análisis de lógica difusa. Postdata [online]. 2006, n.11, pp.193-222. ISSN 1851-9601.

This paper explores the impact of democratization on the resolution of executive-legislative crises in Latin American presidential regimes. I study 27 episodes in which the executive branch closed the legislature or the legislature removed the chief executive from office between 1950 and 2000. It is hypothesized that the democratization of Latin American presidential systems has hindered the ability of presidents to challenge the legislature and encouraged the emergence of congressional supremacy (i.e., the capacity of congress to impeach the president if a serious conflict emerges). Three causal mechanisms account for this outcome: 1) a lower likelihood of military intervention, 2) the elimination of constitutional tools used by authoritarian presidents to dissolve congress, and 3) greater stability in the constitutional environment. I assess this hypothesis using a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative model.

Keywords : Democratization; Latin America; Presidential crises; Comparative method; Fuzzy sets.

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