SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.40 número2A experiência da transmissão na escola pública brasileira. A reinvenção dos laços sociais entre crianças e adultos índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




  • Não possue artigos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO



versão On-line ISSN 1851-9628


FONSECA, Claudia. (Re)discovering child adoption in Brazil thirty years after the Children’s Code. Runa [online]. 2019, vol.40, n.2, pp.17-38.  Epub 19-Dez-2019. ISSN 1851-9628.

Based on documental sources and informal interviews with professionals involved in this theme, we propose in this article to describe changes in the field of child adoption in Brazil over the past thirty years. We begin with a methodological observation on the lack of systematic statistics on domestic adoption. We proceed to consider a growing emphasis in recent years on adoption through the National Adoption Registry (in particular of older children) as a solution for the large number of youngsters in institutional care. We suggest that a pragmatic view based on the individualized child’s rights has gained ground, at the same time that discourses on “social justice” and “family reintegration”, associated with the beginning years of the Children’s Code, have been toned down. We then turn to the debates around “direct adoptions”, raising the hypothesis that, although suffering from doubtful legitimacy and zero visibility in official discourse, they exert a great influence on adoption practice in Brazil. We finish by underlining silences in the field of child adoption that hinder the evaluation of present policies as well as the planning of effective policies in the future.

Palavras-chave : Adoption; Institutional care; Public policies; Juvenile protection; Anthropology of children.

        · resumo em Português | Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )