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VARESI, Gastón Ángel. La configuración del kirchnerismo: discurso, ideología y populismo en la Argentina del siglo XXI. Sociohistórica [online]. 2023, n.52, e210. ISSN 1852-1606.

The article analyzes the founding milestone of Kirchnerism, its emergence, ideology and identity formation as a political subject, addressing the presidential speech of Néstor Kirchner (2003-2007). We distinguish a double meaning of discourse: a more strict one, as the real use of language by real speakers in real situations, in a dialectical relationship where the social molds the discursive at the same time that it is constituted by it, following the Critical Discourse Analysis, adding the contributions of the analysis of the political and populist discourse of Charaudeau; and a broad acceptance of discourse, as a mediation of meaning constitutive of the social that leads us to analyze the relationships between demands, identity and antagonism, from Laclau.

Thus, the concepts of discourse, ideology and populism are articulated to analyze Kirchnerism in the words of its original leader, deploying three central hypotheses from which to approach to different questions: what are the conditions of veracity of the presidential speech? What role did the 2001 crisis play and the characterization of the recent past? How did the construction of the adversary take place and how was it related to the configuration of the own identity? What is the force of truth of the Kirchnerist discourse? Which are the ideological pillars of its project?

Palavras-chave : Kirchnerism; Hegemony; Discourse; Ideology; Populism.

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