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Revista americana de medicina respiratoria

On-line version ISSN 1852-236X


AUTERI, Santiago J  and  GRUPO INTERNEUMO et al. Frequence and characteristics of smoking patients admitted with respiratory pathology: a multicenter survey in Buenos Airs Hospitals. Rev. amer. med. respiratoria [online]. 2012, vol.12, n.1, pp.3-9. ISSN 1852-236X.

Background: Nowadays Argentina has no data about the prevalence of tobacco smoking about patients hospitalized for respiratory diseases. The objectives of this study are to establish the prevalence of the tobacco smoking habit and to assess the features of nicotine addiction in these patients. Methods: We designed a cross-sectional study with the participation of 9 Buenos Aires Hospitals. We surveyed patients who were hospitalized for respiratory diseases. The survey included the tobacco smoking habit, nicotine dependence with Fagerström test (FT), nicotine abstinence with Minessota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale (MNWS) and motivation to quit with Richmond´s test. We also assessed the implementation of brief advice and pharmacological treatment for tobacco use cessation. Results: 376 patients were surveyed, the mean age was 53 ±16 years and 54.5% were male. Prevalence of active tobacco smokers was 30.3% (IC: 25.8-35.3). The mean FT was 4.59 ± 2.9 points (moderate dependence) and the MNWS mean was 1.14 ± 0.85 points (mild abstinence). The majority (79.7%) had moderate to high motivation to quit smoking. Despite 77% (IC: 64.5-86.8%) of active tobacco smokers received a brief advice, only 10.2% (IC: 3.8-20.8) were prescribed pharmacological treatment for tobacco use cessation. Conclusion: The prevalence of tobacco smoking in patients who were hospitalized for respiratory diseases is similar to the prevalence in the general population of Argentina. Active tobacco smokers who are hospitalized for respiratory diseases have moderate nicotine dependence, mild withdrawal symptoms and moderate to high motivation to quit the smoking habit. Most patients received a brief advice but no pharmacological treatment for tobacco use cessation.

Keywords : Tobacco Use Cessation; Prevalence; Hospitalization.

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