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Revista americana de medicina respiratoria

On-line version ISSN 1852-236X


RAPELA, Laura et al. Factores de riesgo para el fracaso de destete en una población de pacientes con EPOC en ventilación mecánica prolongada. Rev. am. med. respir. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp.232-243. ISSN 1852-236X.

Introduction: Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have an airflow limitation and require mechanical ventilation (MV). Because of deteriorated lung function, respiratory muscles weakness and malnutrition, patients also present difficulties in the weaning process. Information on the factors that can predict weaning failure in patients with COPD after prolonged MV is scarce. To identify risk factors for weaning failure in patients with COPD and evaluate the mortality depending on weaning success or failure. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out at a weaning center in Buenos Aires, Argentina. We evaluated patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) and referred to the weaning center as a result of COPD exacerbation, after tracheostomy and in need of mechanical ventilation. Results: Data from 40 patients were collected; 21 were successfully weaned from MV and 19 failed the weaning process. Univariate analysis showed 4 variables associated with weaning failure: maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) (p = 0.035), length of MV at weaning center (p = 0.005), pH (p = 0.039) and PaCO2 (p = 0.002). However, only PaCO2 twelve hours after the spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) was a predictor of weaning failure (p=0.007). Mortality predictors were not found. Conclusion: The only predictive variable associated with weaning failure was PaCO2 twelve hours after SBT. Finding risk factors for failure in discontinuing MV may provide information to decide whether to insist in the weaning process or choose home MV to improve life quality.

Keywords : COPD; Mechanical ventilation; Tracheostomy; Weaning; Mortality.

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