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Revista americana de medicina respiratoria

On-line version ISSN 1852-236X


BENITEZ, Sergio et al. Efectos de la ceniza volcánica sobre la función pulmonar en una cohorte de personas mayores de 45 años en Bariloche (Argentina). Rev. am. med. respir. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.4, pp.411-416. ISSN 1852-236X.

Almost 500 million people live within the exposure range of active volcanoes. In June 2011, the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcanic Complex, located in northern Chilean Patagonia, began an eruptive cycle emitting an enormous volume of ash. Winds dispersed this material toward the SE, affecting the city of San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina. The CESCAS cohort study and its respiratory branch, PRISA (Pulmonary Risk in South America Study), was underway in that city. We used data from the CESCAS/PRISA study to attempt to answer the question of whether the presence of volcanic ash affected the respiratory function of the residents of Bariloche.This study is nested within the CESCAS/ PRISA study. We sampled 767 pulmonary function tests carried out within three months before (n = 297) and six months after (n = 470) the volcanic eruption. Participants were not the same before and after exposure, but belonged to the original sample included in the PRISA study. The objective was to evaluate whether exposure to volcanic ash was associated to impaired lung function assessed by spirometry. No differences were found in the pre-bronchodilator FEV1 (p = 0.30), post bronchodilator FEV1 (p=0.19), pre-bronchodilator FVC (p=0.51) or post-bronchodilator FVC (p = 0.26) between the non-exposed and exposed group, nor in the rate of bronchodilator responsiveness (p = 0.87)or in the asthmatic and COPD subgroup. Exposure to volcanic ash was not associated to any effect on respiratory function in a representative cohort from the population of San Carlos de Bariloche.

Keywords : Spirometry; Volcanic eruptions; Volcanic ashes; Natural disasters; Respiratory function tests.

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