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Revista americana de medicina respiratoria

On-line version ISSN 1852-236X


LUNA, Carlos M et al. Recomendaciones de vacunación en adultos con enfermedades respiratorias: Documento de la Asociación Argentina de Medicina Respiratoria para los neumonólogos. Rev. am. med. respir. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.4, pp.314-324. ISSN 1852-236X.

The pulmonologist uses to prescribe vaccines to adult patients. Experts of the Argentina Association of Respiratory Medicine who are specialists in areas involving vaccination of patients with respiratory diseases prepared this document which summarizes the available information and proposes an active prescription of the infuenza, pneumococcus, pertussis and herpes zoster vaccinations. The Ministry of Health in Argentina as the CDC and its Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) in the USA, made recommendations on vaccination indications and schedules. The ACIP recommends influenza vaccination to persons older than 6 months of age without any contraindication. The Ministry of Health recommends this vaccination to persons over 65 years of age, to those with morbidities (including respiratory diseases and smoking habit) and to persons in contact with high risk people. The classic 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for adults at risk of invasive disease, including persons over 65 years of age. Revaccination is recommended to immunosuppressed patients and persons over 65 years of age at 5-year intervals. The ACIP recommends vaccination with the 13-valent serotypes polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine, which is more immunogenic, sequentially with the 23-valent vaccine in adults with risk factors and over 65 years of age. We suggest this practice in patients under 65 years of age with respiratory morbidities. The pulmonologist must remember at least two other vaccines: a booster vaccination every 10 years of diphtheria and tetanus vaccine to persons over 18 years of age, and once the triple acellular vaccine (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus) to protect against pertussis and reduce transmission. Herpes zoster (shingles) causes a painful vesicular rash; 50% of persons over 85 years suffer at least one bout of herpes zoster. The vaccine reduces more than 50% incidence and more than 60% postherpetic neuralgia. This vaccine is recommended by ACIP for persons over 60 years. In this age group there are many patients with chronic lung conditions.

Keywords : Immunization in adults; Influenza vaccine; Pneumococcal vaccine; Diphtheria-tetanus vaccine; Herpes zoster vaccine.

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