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Insuficiencia cardíaca

On-line version ISSN 1852-3862


PENA, Felipe Montes et al. Depressive symptoms and hospitalizations for heart failure: prevalence, predictors and mortality. Insuf. card. [online]. 2010, vol.5, n.4, pp.178-184. ISSN 1852-3862.

Background. Studies of depressive symptoms (DS) has been made in patients hospitalized for heart failure (HF) and the influence of various characteristics has been ignored. Objectives. To assess prevalence, predictors and correlated to the severity of DS and mortality in HF hospitalizations. Methods. This prospective study examined consecutive hospitalizations for HF. We analyzed sociodemographic data and clinical outcome was death. In analysis of DS was used Beck Depression Inventory II. Comparative analysis were made between groups with and without DS and subjected to logistic regression variables with p between 0.05 and 0.1. We evaluated the relationship between the severity of SD and mortality. It was considered statistically significant p <0.05. Results: We evaluated 103 patients, 63.1% women, 50.5% were married and 73.8% literate. A total of 75.2% were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II and III. Hypertension was the most common comorbidity (92.2%). The DS was present in 69 (67%) patients. The predictors of DS were: marital status (p=0.03) and logistic regression: sex (p<0.0001), lifestyle (0.002) and etiology of HF (p<0.0001). Mortality was related to the DS in moderate symptoms (p=0.04) and severe (0.01). Conclusion. The DS are common in HF hospitalizations. The prevalence varies according to clinical characteristics of patients. The predictors were gender, marital status, lifestyle and etiology of HF. Mortality was related to moderate and severe DS.

Keywords : Depressive symptoms; Heart failure; Hospitalization.

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