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Insuficiencia cardíaca

versión On-line ISSN 1852-3862


AMOR, Miguel et al. Usefulness of two-dimensional longitudinal strain by speckle tracking in patients with Chagas disease without evident heart disease. Insuf. card. [online]. 2016, vol.11, n.1, pp.26-33. ISSN 1852-3862.

Introduction. Chagas disease is a major cause of heart failure and early identification may help identify patients at risk for disease progression. The two-dimensional longitudinal strain (Str2D) could be a useful tool for detecting incipient left ventricular dysfunction. Objectives. Analyze whether longitudinal dimensional strain can detect abnormalities in asymptomatic patients without demonstrable pathology by conventional methods in Chagas disease. Materials and Methods. Cross-sectional study of 45 patients under age 65 years in an endemic rural area with Chagas disease without proven pathology (non evident cardiopathy: NEC) versus 33 control patients. In all patients study was made by two serologic methods, clinical examination, electrocardiogram and Doppler ultrasound of the heart: diastolic diameter of the left ventricle (LVDD), left atrial area (LAA), left ventricle ejection fraction (Fey) by Simpson, excursion of tricuspid ring (TAPSE), E/A mitral ratio (E/A), E/e' ratio, S tissue (S') of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV), Str2D of each segment LV and global strain. Statistics: Normal distribution quantitative variables were compared using t test and qualitative variables with chi square test. Intra- and inter-observer variability for r Pearson and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Results. Age, sex and conventional Doppler echocardiography (LVDD, Fey, LAA, TAPSE, E/A, E/e') showed no statistically significant differences. Global strain and strain of the apical LV segments showed significant differences between patients with Chagas disease without proven disease and their controls, although these values fall within ranges considered physiological. Intraobserver variability of global strain (Pearson's r 0.93 and ICC: 0.93) and interobserver (Pearson coefficient r of 0.89 and an ICC: 0.88). Conclusions. In a group of asymptomatic patients with Chagas disease without apparent cardiac involvement (NEC stage), the Str2D was lower compared with healthy individuals, suggesting the existence of subtle myocardial damage in these patients. Hypotheses that only time can confirm and track.

Palabras clave : Chagas disease without proven pathology; Longitudinal Strain;; Chagas disease;; Tropical Diseases;; Early detection of myocardial damage;; Speckle tracking.

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