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Insuficiencia cardíaca

versión On-line ISSN 1852-3862


BEVACQUA, Raúl J.  y  PERRONE, Sergio V.. El impacto de CoViD-19 en la hipertensión arterial pulmonar. Insuf. card. [online]. 2021, vol.16, n.3, pp.79-89. ISSN 1852-3862.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (CoViD-19) causes severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), being particularly harmful for patients with underlying cardiovascular disease, and causing a cause of significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world. This virus leads to lung disease, while causing acute myocardial injury and chronic damage to the cardiovascular system. As a consequence of the damage to the lung parenchyma and altered pulmonary circulation, pulmonary hypertension (PH) can develop, with its respective consequence. The pathophysiology of this type of PH is complex and multifactorial, considering potential factors for alterations in pulmonary circulation. In recent studies, the evidenced prevalence of PH in patients with CoViD-19 is around 12%, but its evolution is not yet clear. The CoViD-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on all aspects of PH, from diagnosis and management to observing an increased risk of death in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). In a survey of 77 comprehensive PAH healthcare centers, the incidence of CoViD-19 infection was 2.1 cases per 1,000 PAH patients, similar to the incidence of CoViD-19 infection in the general population. Although this pandemic has altered the standard of routine medical care and acute management, particularly in those patients with PAH, the risks associated with CoViD-19 are significant, presenting new challenges in the care of patients with PH. Since PAH patients have been shown to have worse outcomes in the setting of this pandemic, it is essential to work proactively to decrease the risk of CoViD-19 infection, while continuing to provide a high level of medical care. The impact of CoViD-19 on the provision of health care and on society in general required that new protocols be established for the treatment of PAH to reduce the risk of exposure or transmission of CoViD-19. Similarly, there has been a decline in stable patient testing. Currently, the way we provide healthcare is evidenced by an increase in telemedicine visits, less exposure to healthcare settings for patients and healthcare professionals, aiding our continued need to provide services to patients. patients within the CoViD-19 environment and adapting to a different way of interacting, broadening our understanding of the best way to care for our patients

Palabras clave : CoViD-19; SARS-CoV-2; Pulmonary hypertension; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2); Telemedicine.

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