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Revista del Museo de Antropología

Print version ISSN 1852-060XOn-line version ISSN 1852-4826


ZANGRANDO*, Atilio Francisco et al. Rev. Mus. Antropol. [online]. 2014, vol.7, n.1, pp.00-00. ISSN 1852-060X.

This paper presents and discusses the archaeological evidence from Heshkaia 35 site (southern coast of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina). This site is located in a coastal setting in the middle section of the Moat River Basin and records occupations during the Late Holocene (ca. 800-500 BP). Technological diversity and the zooarchaeological record point to the development of multiple activities. Lithic artifacts dominate the technological assemblage. Lithic debitage indicates a strong emphasis towards final stages of reduction, shown by the lower occurrence of artifacts with cortex and the high frequency resharpening flakes. The zooarchaeological assemblage is composed mostly by guanaco bones. Molluscs also may have played a significant role in the diet. Bone remains of marine mammals, foxes, birds and fish are represented at low frequencies. The composition of the archaeofaunal and technological record suggests that foraging activities took place mainly from coastal areas and not necessarily in the sea. The implications of this evidence for behavioral patterns of hunter-gatherers on the southern coast of Tierra del Fuego are discussed.

Keywords : Coastal archaeology; Hunter-gatherers; Tierra del Fuego; Late Holocene.

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