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Revista del Museo de Antropología

Print version ISSN 1852-060XOn-line version ISSN 1852-4826


ALUNNI, Daniela Verónica. Guanaco exploitation strategies and use of Magallanic forest by coastal hunter-gatherers. Rev. Mus. Antropol. [online]. 2018, vol.11, n.2, pp.7-22. ISSN 1852-060X.

We present a study on transport and butchering of guanaco (Lama guanicoe) by coastal hunter-gatherers which inhabited Moat Bay (southernmost tip of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina) during the Late Holocene. This study was conducted on faunal remains recovered from Heshkaia 35 archaeological site (ca. 500-650 years BP). We discuss these strategies considering economic utility index and models commonly employed in archaeological literature. The obtained results suggest that hunter-gatherers selected and transported low economic utility elements, such as lower limbs, more often than vertebrae and ribs. This information together with butchering evidences, suggests a strategy oriented towards transport of all sources of marrow. The obtained results are evaluated to discuss mobility strategies and the use of Magellanic forest by coastal hunter-gatherers.

Keywords : Southernmost tip of Tierra del Fuego; Coastal Hunter-Gatherers; Late Holocene; Transport; Mobility; Late Holocene.

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