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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

On-line version ISSN 1852-4834


BRISO, André L.F et al. Effects of five carbamide peroxide bleaching gels on composite resin microhardness. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.1, pp.27-31. ISSN 1852-4834.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of five home bleaching products containing 15-16% carbamide peroxide on the microhardness of microhybrid composite resin Z-250 (3M/Espe). A total of 72 specimens were fabricated in cylindrical acrylic matrices (4×2 mm), filled with composite resin and photo-activated for 40 seconds. They were divided in 6 study groups (n=12), according to the bleaching product: Review (SS White), Magic Bleaching (Vigodent), Opalescence (Ultra dent), Whiteness Perfect (FGM), Claridex (Biodinamica), and a control group (not bleached). Specimens were exposed to 1 cc of bleaching gel for 6 hours daily for 2 weeks. The control group specimens were kept in artificial saliva throughout this time. All the specimens were then analyzed in a microhardness tester. Knoop hardness measurements were performed, and the results were submitted to parametric statistical analysis (analysis of variance and Tukey´s test). Mean Knoop values and standard deviation were: baseline, 68.52a (4.28); control, 63.42b (7.16); Whiteness Perfect, 57.57c (1.81); Magic Bleaching, 57.22c (3.84); Opalescen ce, 57.03cd (4.00); Claridex, 53.64de (3.33); Review, 51.45e (2.82). Identical letters mean statistical equality according to Tukey’s test at the 5% significance level. The products significantly decreased Z-250 (3M/Espe) microhardness.

Keywords : Hardness; Tooth bleaching; Composite resins.

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