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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 1852-4834


PUJADAS BIGI, María M.. Evaluation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in interradicular bone marrow in olpadronate treated animals. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.3, pp.249-256. ISSN 1852-4834.

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a protein that increases vascular permeability and induces the proliferation, migration and survival of endothelial cells. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are antiresorptive drugs that are widely used in the treatment of bone metabolism diseases and bone metastases. Since 2003, cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) have been reported. Few papers explain the mechanisms that induce BRONJ; some authors mention alterations in bone remodelling and a certain antiangiogenic effect of BPs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression of VEGF in bone marrow cells and the number of blood vessels and area occupied by them in animals treated with the BP sodium olpadronate (OPD). We used 16 Wistar rats, 60 days old, divided into two groups, experimental (OPD) and control. The OPD group received 0.3 mg/kg/week intraperitoneal OPD for 5 weeks. The control group received an equivalent intraperitoneal volume of physiological saline solution. After euthanasia, hemimandibles were processed and mesio-distal histological sections of the first molar were prepared. Sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE), immunohistochemical detection of VEGF was performed (sc- 7269) and the following histomorphometric parameters were evaluated: In HE-stained sections - number of blood vessels per sq. mm. and percentage (%) of area occupied by blood vessels in relation to total area evaluated; in sections with immunohistochemical detection of VEGF – number of VEGF+ bone marrow cells per sq. mm. Data underwent statistical analysis. Number of blood vessels/mm2 was significantly lower in the OPD group (OPD: 92 ± 16; Control: 140 ± 31; p<0.05) and % vascular area/ total area evaluated showed no significant difference (OPD: 15.6 ± 6.1; Control: 10.2 ± 4.2). Number of VEGF+ cells/mm2 was lower in the OPD group than in the control group, with statistically significant differences (OPD: 7804.8 ± 597; Control: 13187.6 ± 894; p<0.001). The results of this study suggest that monosodium olpadronate has an antiangiogenic effect. Further studies are needed to reveal its potential as an antitumor agent and its connection with the onset of BRONJ.

Palavras-chave : VEGF; Bone marrow; Blood vessels; Anti-angiogenic agent..

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