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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 1852-4834


ALVES, Anne C; ALCHIERI, João C  e  BARBOSA, Gustavo A. S. Bruxism: Masticatory implications and anxiety. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.1, pp.15-22. ISSN 1852-4834.

In this study we investigate the phenomenon of bruxism, defined as the act of clenching and/or grinding the teeth, a habit that compromises the orofacial region. It is often associated with emotional aspects, such as anxiety and stress, and may result in alterations to orofacial structures, functional modifications and social repercussions. The aim of this study was to determine a possible association between bruxism and anxiety underscoring the primary complaints related to masticatory function. Eighty volunteers participated in the study. They were divided into bruxers (N=40) and non-bruxers (N=40) of both sexes. The diagnosis of bruxism was made by clinical examination. The Trait-State Anxiety Inventory was used to assess anxiety levels and a questionnaire with structured questions related to daily activities, focusing on masticatory function (for the bruxism group), was applied to evaluate psychosocial aspects. The results of the study show a significant difference in state anxiety. Mean and standard deviation of state anxiety in the bruxism and non-bruxism groups was 42.7}9.6 and 38.6}8.2 (p =0.04), respectively, while trait anxiety had a mean and standard deviation of 44.5}11.0 and 40.7}9.5 (p =0.11). The main complaints of bruxers during mastication were facial pain and headache while chewing as well as the presence of clicking sounds in the jaw joint. Findings demonstrate an association between emotional factors such as anxiety and bruxism, resulting in compromised masticatory function.

Palavras-chave : Anxiety; Bruxism; Mastication; Stomatognathic System.

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