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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

On-line version ISSN 1852-4834


DOMINGOS, Vanda; FREITAS, Cláudio F; FENYO-PEREIRA, Marlene  and  RAITZ, Ricardo. Perception of professionals in the assessment of coronoid hyperplasia by computed tomography. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.1, pp.58-63. ISSN 1852-4834.

Coronoid Hyperplasia (CH) is a non-neoplastic and relatively rare enlargement of the coronoid process that may limit mandibular movement as a consequence of the close association between the hyperplastic coronoid process and the anterior region of the zygomatic bone. Computed tomography (CT) is extremely useful for the observation of this association and plays an important role in diagnosing and planning surgical treatment. Once the CT scan is performed, the data can be viewed in many different arrangements, including multiplanar (MPR) and 3D rendering, although the resolution of the latter may not be as good as that of the former. Our aim is to analyze the importance of and preference for multiplanar and 3D reconstruction images for diagnosing and interpreting Coronoid Hyperplasia (CH), by comparing the opinions of oral surgeons and oral radiologists who analyzed both temporomandibular joints (TMJ) in 20 patients. Three images of each TMJ comprised the set of scans (MPR, 3D reconstructions with maximum intercuspation and 3D reconstructions with maximum mouth opening). After each analysis, the members of the two groups answered a questionnaire about the usefulness of each examination and classified the association between the head of mandible and mandibular fossa. Hypomotility was present in 55.2%. Both groups stated that both MPR and 3D reconstructions, particularly the latter, were fundamental for diagnosing CH and that they would request them in order to interpret CH correctly. The examiners were found to differ significantly regarding their opinion of MPR; only radiologists considered MPR to be less elucidative for the diagnosis of CH.

Keywords : Temporomandibular joint disorders; Computed tomography.

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