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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 1852-4834


CANO-GUTIERREZ, Carlos; BORDA, Miguel G; ARCINIEGAS, Antonio J  e  BORDA, Claudia X. Edentulism and dental prostheses in the elderly: impact on quality of life measured with EuroQol - visual analog scale (EQ-VAS). Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.2, pp.149-155. ISSN 1852-4834.

The objective of this study was to measure the impact of edentulism and dental prostheses on quality of life (QOL) in older adults in Bogota, Colombia. Edentulism is a frequent condition in older adults and has great impact on their QOL. No epidemiological data are currently available on edentulism among older adults in Colombia. Data were obtained from the SABE-Bogota study, a cross-sectional study conducted in 2012, and used to analyze the EQ-VAS (Visual Analog Scale) from the EuroQol instrument to measure the perception of quality of life (QOL) in relation to edentulism. The study included 2,000 individuals over 60 years old. The Spearman-Rho correlation was used to analyze the correlation between EQ-VAS and edentulism. Chi-Square, ANOVA and t-test were used to study the differences in EQ-VAS scores between edentulous and healthy subjects. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Of the 2000 respondents, 98.3% were edentulous, 73.0% reported half or more missing teeth, 76.9% used dental prostheses and 23.7% had related eating problems. Older age, lower social class and lower education were related to edentulism. Individuals with fewer teeth and dental prostheses had lower EQ-VAS scores (p<0.05) and dental prosthesis did not improve EQ-VAS scores (p=0.22). Edentulism also showed a significant negative correlation with EQ-VAS scores (rho= -0.102, p<0.01). In summary, EQ-VAS is a useful tool for measuring the perception of QOL in dental health scenarios. Edentulism significantly affects QOL in older adults and the use of dental prosthesis does not improve the perception of QOL.

Palavras-chave : Mouth; Edentulous; Quality of life; Aging; Dental prosthesis.

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