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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 1852-4834


COLOMBO, Ana Paula M et al. Efectiveness of the waveone and protaper D systems for removing gutta-percha with or without a solvent. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.3, pp.262-267. ISSN 1852-4834.

Endodontic retreatment requires complete removal of the filling material and access to the apical foramen. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the WaveOne reciprocating system and compare it to the ProTaper D rotary system, with or without the use of a solvent, in removing filling material from root canals. The time required for each filling removal technique employed was also determined and compared. Forty extracted human mandibular premolars with a single, straight, flattened canal were prepared and filled. They were divided into four groups (n = 10): Group 1: ProTaper D NiTi rotary instruments; Group 2: ProTaper D NiTi rotary instruments, with a solvent; Group 3: WaveOne primary instrument; and Group 4: WaveOne primary instrument, with a solvent. The teeth were then split along their long axis and photographed using an operating microscope with 5X magnification. The amount of remaining filling material was assessed with Image Tool software. The results were compared using the KruskalWallis test (p <0.05). There was no significant difference between groups regarding the amount of residual filling material (p > 0.05). Operative time was significantly longer in Group 3 than in groups 1, 2 and 4 (p < 0.05). The WaveOne system and the ProTaper D system were equally effective, with or without a solvent. The time required to remove the filling material from the canals was significantly longer in Group 3 than in the other groups.

Palavras-chave : Gutta-Percha; Root canal; Reciprocating.

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