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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

Print version ISSN 0326-4815On-line version ISSN 1852-4834


LEI, María A; MAC ALPINE BYRNE, Carolina L; IGLESIAS, Alejandro M  and  KAPLAN, Andrea E. Effect of flowable composite or glass ionomer liners on shrinkage stress of a composite resin. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2019, vol.32, n.3, pp.126-132.  Epub Dec 01, 2019. ISSN 0326-4815.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of flowable composite or glass ionomer liners on the shrinkage stress of a restorative composite resin. Fifteen previously sandblasted metal boxes were attached to a universal mechanical testing machine (INSTRON 1011, Instron Corporation). Five of these boxes were filled with Filtek Z350 XT (FXT) Universal Restorative A2 (3M ESPE) (Group 1 or Control). Two further groups of 5 boxes were prepared by interposing a layer of Vitrebond Light Cure Glass Ionomer 3M ESPE (VGI) (Group 2 or G.I.) or Filtek Z350 XT Flowable Restorative A2 3M ESPE (FFR) (Group 3 or Flowable) between the box and the composite resin, completing with the same volume of composite as in Group 1. Upon activating lightcuring, the filled boxes mounted on the testing machine were videoed for 60 seconds (40 s photoactivation and 20 s postcuring), timed with a digital chronometer. Force values were recorded in newtons and converted into stress according to contact surface. Stress values were recorded every 10 s. Results were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. Mean and standard deviation in kPa (stress) recorded for each group were: Control group: 126.2 (30.8); G.I.: 48.4 (18); Flowable: 27.9 (19.5). Statistical analysis showed significant differences between the control group and the rest (p<0.01), with no significant difference between groups with glass ionomer liners and flowable resin liners (G.I. and Flowable). Under the experimental conditions of this study, it can be concluded that polymerization shrinkage stress can be reduced by the presence of a liner between the preparation and the restorative material.

Keywords : Composite resins; Dental curing lights; Glass ionomer; Liner.

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