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Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana

versão impressa ISSN 0326-4815versão On-line ISSN 1852-4834


VIANNA, Renato FC et al. Do non-clinical subjective factors influence the treatment decisionmaking of Brazilian dentists?. Acta odontol. latinoam. [online]. 2022, vol.35, n.1, pp.58-66.  Epub 30-Abr-2022. ISSN 0326-4815.

The literature contains little information on several non-clinical factors such as the association between graduate residency programs and the application of minimally invasive dentistry, or on dentists’ clinical decision-making processes for replacing restorations for esthetic reasons. This study evaluated whether non-clinical subjective factors influence the treatment decisions made by Brazilian dentists regarding technical and esthetic matters. Dentists were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey by answering an electronic questionnaire containing clinical cases, regarding what treatment they would select for: T1 - a molar tooth with significant crown destruction and spontaneous pain, and T2 - premolar teeth with extensive amalgam restorations and no carious lesion or associated complaint. The survey also included questions about subjective variants (sociodemographic and professional). Chi Square test and Fischer’s Exact test were used to analyze the answers to T1, and one-factor analysis of variance and post-hoc Tamhane were applied to T2. The significance level was set at 5% for all analyses. A total 302 professionals participated in the study. For T1, it was found that clinical decision-making was influenced by the Brazilian region of clinical practice (p=0.005). For T2, a significant association was found between increased loss of patient tooth tissues and whether the professional had completed a residency program in Operative Dentistry (p=0.035), worked in a private practice (p=0.033), or if most of his/her patients belonged to a high estimated socioeconomic level (household income above $4350) (p=0.002). In conclusion, the clinical decision-making of Brazilian dentists varies according to professional profile, mainly with relation to the replacement of restorations due to esthetic concerns.

Palavras-chave : cross-sectional studies; esthetics, dental; dentistry, operative; private practice; surveys and questionnaires.

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