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BAG. Journal of basic and applied genetics

versión On-line ISSN 1852-6233


DE LA ROSA, J; FONTALVO, P.P; OROZCO-BERDUGO, G  y  NARVAEZ-BARANDICA, J.C. Genetic characterization the stocks of Prochilodus magdalenae (pisces: prochilodontidae) used in stocking programs in Colombia. BAG, J. basic appl. genet. [online]. 2020, vol.31, n.1, pp.53-63. ISSN 1852-6233.

Prochilodus magdalenae is an endemic fish species of Colombia known as an important resource of commercial interest for many communities related to fishing activities as a livelihood activity. However, population deterioration has been observed in natural environments due to factors such as overfishing, fragmentation of ecosystems, among others. This makes it necessary to characterize the genetic diversity of P. magdalenae in the productive systems of some fish farms, which are used to restocking in other basins of Colombia and, thus, to propose technical and scientific criteria that allow the development of management strategies for the conservation of this species. Therefore, in 2013, caudal fin tissue was collected from 1044 individuals in seven fish farms, which were processed in the laboratory. Through the use of seven microsatellites, genetic metrics such as: observed and expected heterozygosity, number of alleles, fixation indexes, F statistics, Bayesian grouping and AMOVA were evaluated. We observed low heterozygosity, correlated with inbreeding processes, which contrast with the high values obtained in the expected heterozygosity index and the number of alleles detected in P. magdalenae productive systems. A moderate genetic differentiation between fish centers was detected and the existence of three genetic groups was observed through the Bayesian analysis. Despite the low diversity reported regarding the others species of the same genus, populations held in Bocachico captivity have the potential to restore the diversity of wild populations. Therefore, it is suggested that each fish station should establish batches of breeders separately, based on their genetic information so that there is congruence between the released individuals and those that inhabit the natural environment.

Palabras clave : Bocachico; Reophilic fish; Magdalena Basin; Genetic structure; Fish farms.

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