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Subjetividad y procesos cognitivos

On-line version ISSN 1852-7310


KAZEZ, Ruth. Study of the discourse of a patient suffering a congenital sensory and motor handicap: Comparative analysis of two moments in the treatment. Subj. procesos cogn. [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.2, pp.99-112. ISSN 1852-7310.

Treatment of congenitally handicapped people presents the unavoidable difficulty of harmonizing with a psychic constitution which differs from the one of people presenting no deficit. Aim: The aim of the research is the study of the type of main psychic function in the speech of a patient with congenital sensory and motor impairment, analyzing in particular the importance of abstract thinking. Methodology: The application of the David Liberman computerized program (DLA), based on the Freudian theory of drives. The core idea is that the drive gains control of a determined language in the ego. This method is sensitive to the detection of libidinal fixations in discourse as well as to defenses. The dictionary corresponds, in the DLA frame, to the word analysis level. The speech acts analysis was also applied to the segment. Procedure: The patient´s verbalizations are privileged at the beginning as well as at the end of two time spaced psychotherapeutic sessions. The dictionary was applied to the selected fragments. The results were analyzed and then compared. Finally the data obtained was contrasted with the data obtained in the speech acts analysis. Results: The primary oral language is dominant and the secondary anal is next in importance. This is a manifestation of the patient´s emphasis on her intellectual and cognitive activity, which proves successful. A methodological proposition is put forward to discriminate between both types of thinking.

Keywords : Psychotherapy; Discourse study; Abstract thinking; Sensory and motor handicap.

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