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On-line version ISSN 1852-7337


BERTOLLO, Marina; MARTIRE, Yamila; ROVIROSA, Alicia  and  ZAPATA, María Elisa. Patterns of food and beverages consumption following household income according to the National Survey of Household Expenditure (NSHE) of 2012-2013. Diaeta [online]. 2015, vol.33, n.153, pp.07-18. ISSN 1852-7337.

The aim of this study was to assess the patterns of consumption of foods according to the level of household income of Argentinian population, according to data from the National Survey of Households Expenditure (NSHE) 2012-2013. The analysis was carried out following income and expenditure datasets of NSHE 2012-2013. The average apparent consumption of foods and beverages expressed in grams or milliliters of net weight per equivalent adult was calculated. What was observed was that the more the household income increases, the more the amount and diversity of fruits and non-starch vegetables, as well as dairy products consumption, especially cheese between the 1st and 5th quintile. The consumption of meat increased according to income with differences in choice of cuts. While the oils increased according to income, animal fat (beef and pork) showed a reverse behavior. The consumption of non-alcoholic beverages doubled consumption between the 1st and 5th quintile, hot beverages tripled and alcoholic beverages increased six-fold. Sugar and sweets and processed food showed an increasing tendency according to household income, while cereals and pulses, breads and biscuits showed similar total consumption but different composition. The consumption of fresh pasta, pie and empanadas doughs, packed bread, bakery products, cookies and crackers increased in relation to household income, while French bread, wheat flour and dry pasta decreased. Potato and egg showed similar consumption in all income levels. The differences on food and beverages consumption among quintiles show that the more the household income rises, the more diverse diet and economically more expensive.

Keywords : Apparent consumption; Food and beverages; Income quintile; Household expenditure; NSHE.

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