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Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología

versión On-line ISSN 1852-7434

Resumen

GODOY, Miguel A et al. Evolución de las complicaciones neurológicas en la cirugía de deformidades vertebrales en la infancia. Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol. [online]. 2015, vol.80, n.1, pp. 43-52. ISSN 1852-7434.

Background: A retrospective descriptive study was performed to assess the outcome of neurological complications due to kyphosis or scoliosis surgery in children. Methods: Nine patients who suffered neurological complication during kyphosis and/or scoliosis deformity surgery operated on our institution from May 2003 to June 2013 were evaluated. Results: Etiologies observed were: 4 idiopathic scolioses, 2 congenital scolioses, one associated with neurofibromatosis type 1, one idiopathic kyphosis and one myofibrosarcomatosis post-laminectomy surgery. Five patients presented intraoperative neurological changes. All patients needed at least a second surgical intervention to solve the spine deformity. The topographic classification of the neurological injury was: radicular injury (one patient); spinal cord injury (8 patients), 6 presented complete spinal injury (75%) which manifested with bilateral paresis and 2 patients (25%) suffered an incomplete spinal injury with monoparesis, only 2 stayed with neurogenic bladder. Conclusion: Early detection of a neurological complication, its etiological diagnosis and surgical resolution improve neurological outcome, avoiding or reducing its sequel.

Palabras clave : Spinal deformities; Neurological complications; Surgery.

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