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Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología

On-line version ISSN 1852-7434


ALLENDE, Christian et al. Lesiones combinadas complejas postraumáticas en la pierna: Tratamiento temprano frente a tratamiento diferido. Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol. [online]. 2015, vol.80, n.3, pp.196-206. ISSN 1852-7434.

Introduction: The objective of this study is to evaluate treatment of complex combined post-traumatic injuries of the distal and middle third of the leg, and compare the results obtained with early versus delayed treatment. Methods: Fourteen patients treated between 2004 and 2012 were retrospectively evaluated. They were divided into two groups: those with soft tissues coverage performed during the first 10 days following trauma (group I, 6 cases) and those with coverage performed after 10 days (group II, 8 cases). Coverage was performed using six latissimus dorsi free flaps in group I, and with six muscle free flaps and two rotational fasciocutaneous flaps in group II. Results: Follow-up averaged 39.5 months in group I and 50.6 months in group II. Hospital stay averaged 20.8 days for group I and 42.4 days for group II. Staged bony reconstruction was performed in two patients from group I and six patients from group II, all with distal tibia bone loss. In two patients, one in each group, the muscle free flap became necrotic, and an amputation was performed. Conclusions: In lesions treated early coverage using free flaps should be favored; but in chronic ones, our practice has changed towards using rotatory fasciocutaneous flaps when possible.

Keywords : Soft tissue defects; Bone loss; Leg; Flaps.

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