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Revista argentina de radiología

versión On-line ISSN 1852-9992


DIEGUEZ, Adriana. High-Resolution MRI in Rectal Cancer. Rev. argent. radiol. [online]. 2010, vol.74, n.3, pp.215-225. ISSN 1852-9992.

High-resolution MRI is the best method of assessing therelation of the rectal tumor with the potential circumferentialresection margin (CRM). Therefore it is currently considered the method of choice for local staging of rectal cancer. The primary surgery of rectal cancer is total mesorectal excision (TME), which plane of dissection is formed by the mesorectal fascia surrounding mesorectal fat and rectum. This fascia will determine the circumferential margin of resection. At the same time, high resolution MRI allows adequate pre-operative identification of important prognostic risk factors, improving the selection and indication of therapy for each patient. This information includes, besides the circumferential margin of resection, tumor and lymph node staging, extramural vascular invasion and the description of lower rectal tumors. All these should be described in detail in the report, being part of the discussion in the multidisciplinary team, the place where the decisions involving the patient with rectal cancer will take place. The aim of this study is to provide the information necessary to understand the use of high resolution MRI in the identification of prognostic risk factors in rectal cancer. The technical requirements and standardized report for this study will be describe, as well as the anatomical landmarks of importance for the total mesorectal excision (TME), as we have said is the surgery of choice for rectal cancer .

Palabras clave : Rectal cancer; High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging; Circumferential resection margin; Multidisciplinary team; Prognostic risk factors.

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