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Revista argentina de radiología

versión On-line ISSN 1852-9992


PEREZ-AKLY, Manuel et al. Utility of susceptibility sequence as a predictor of penumbra in acute cerebral ischemia. Rev. argent. radiol. [online]. 2023, vol.87, n.3, pp.95-101. ISSN 1852-9992.


The goal of treatment in acute ischemic stroke is to restore circulation in the area of the ischemic penumbra. Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) can detect changes in the caliber of intracranial veins when the deoxyHb/oxyHb ratio is altered in hypoperfused areas, which would allow early detection of ischemic penumbra.

Material and methods:

Retrospective cohort study. Patients with acute infarcts in the territory of the middle cerebral artery were included. Initial diffusion and SWI sequences and a control study at seven days were evaluated. Stroke extension was measured with the ASPECT scale in diffusion and SWI on admission, and in the control study. An SWI/diffusion discrepancy > 2 points was established as a predictor variable and the final extension of the infarct as a result variable.


Thirty-one patients were included, median age 72 years (IQR: 61-81). Proximal vascular occlusion was detected in 13 patients, 8 of whom had SWI/diffusion discordance > 2 points (p < 0.0001). In 5 patients we found increased infarction, 4 with SWI/diffusion mismatch (p = 0.01).


The presence of SWI/diffusion mismatch may be a biomarker of ischemic penumbra in patients with proximal vascular occlusion.

Palabras clave : Stroke; DWI; SWI.

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