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Revista de historia del derecho

versión On-line ISSN 1853-1784


RODRIGUEZ LOPEZ, Carmen Graciela. La Prostitución en Buenos Aires en la década de 1930: Hacia el régimen abolicionista y la ley 12.331 de Profilaxis de enfermedades venéreas. Rev. hist. derecho [online]. 2014, n.48, pp.165-192. ISSN 1853-1784.

In the twentieth century, throughout the 1920s and 1930s, socialists actively worked to promote greater state control of the economy and public health, so that the idea of a law about venereal diseases was not unfeasible. In 1993, the socialist party led by Ángel Giménez submitted a nationwide proposal to the Congress on treatment of diseases of that nature. The following year, the doctor Tiburcio Padilla also proposed a draft national law on the subject, but he didn't mention prostitution as its cause. From the discussion of both proposals by the Health and Social Care Comission, located in the Congress building, resulted the final version of the antivenereal prophylaxis law 12.331, which was enacted on December 17, 1936, through which it sought to improve the scarce health among prostitutes, while it intended to eliminate the clandestine brothels, pimping, abortions and sexual distress, as expressed in the medical journals of the period. The purpose of this study is to analyze what circumstances led to the enactment of this law, what the doctrine says about it, and what ambiguities and controversies raised its articles. Starting from the etymology of the word prostitution and its definition in 1930s, we will describe the situation of prostitution in society in those days, delve into the causes that determine its existence and the consequences that led doctors and legislators to find a solution to the problem, emerging from regulatory legal system to adopt another "abolitionist" character.

Palabras clave : Prostítutíon; Brothers; regulatory; abolitíonist; venereal diseases.

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