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Revista Argentina de Salud Pública

versão impressa ISSN 1852-7513versão On-line ISSN 1853-810X


MASTRANGELO, Andrea et al. Conditions and Environment of Work in Two Recycling Centers in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. Rev. argent. salud pública [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.34, pp.13-20. ISSN 1852-7513.

INTRODUCTION: Recycling centers appear as an alternative for the employability of informal garbage collectors. However, there are deficiencies producing harmful effects on human health and the labor environment of these non-conventional workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the process, conditions and environment of work of recycling centers in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires (MABA), evaluating physical demands and health risk. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in two recycling facilities located in the MABA, one in an urban setting and the other one in a peri-urban area. Ethnographic fieldwork was carried out with observation, interviews and group dynamics with projective techniques and eutony, in parallel with biological sampling. RESUETS: External risk situations were identified, along with other worker-related factors defined as demands. No viruses were found, although there are vectors of dengue and Saint Louis encephalitis. There is also circulation of parasites with reservoir in rodents, dogs and cats. Other risks associated with industrial waste, poor water supply and fire were documented. There was an overload on male workers. CONCLUSIONS: Sanitary surveillance is suggested in dogs, cats, rodents and insects, as well as random sampling of incoming materials. Job rotation and use of simple machines are indicated to reduce demands.

Palavras-chave : Waste Products; Occupational Health; Zoonoses.

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