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Revista Argentina de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1852-8724On-line version ISSN 1853-810X


MONTES, Silvana A.  and  LEDESMA, Rubén D.. Road traffic deaths in the province of Buenos Aires in 2017: a hierarchical cluster analysis. Rev. argent. salud pública [online]. 2021, vol.13, pp.51-60. ISSN 1852-8724.

INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries and deaths are a major public health concern. The aim of this work was to analyze, from a multivariate perspective, oficial data on fatal victims of road traffic in Buenos Aires, Argentina First, we built a typology of road traffic accidents, and second, we analyze the clusters distribution in different areas of the province.

METHOD: A non-experimental, correlational and cross-sectional study was carried out. An empirical classification of road deaths was generated by means of Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (oficial data registered by the Road Safety Observatory; original n = 1369, n after data refinement = 1154). The resulting clusters were then analyzed by health district areas.

RESULTS: The results suggested eight relatively homogeneous groups of victims with differentiable accident profiles. The most important clusters were two: one corresponding to young male motorcycle riders who diedin urban traffic crashes, and another characterized by adult male automobile drivers who died in interurban traffic crashes. The groups were distributed differently according to the health district area, although there were two major profiles: one corresponding to Greater Buenos Aires and the other to the rest of Buenos Aires province.

DISCUSSION: Results offer a useful base for interventions targeting specific road users.

Keywords : Accidents, TrafSc; Multivariate Analysis; Cluster Analysis; Argentina.

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