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Revista Argentina de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1852-8724On-line version ISSN 1853-810X


REARTE, Analía et al. All-cause excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina, 2020. Rev. argent. salud pública [online]. 2021, vol.13, suppl.1, pp.18-18. ISSN 1852-8724.

INTRODUCTION: All-cause excess mortality (EM) surveillance can be used to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to estimate the EM in Argentina in 2020 and compare it with the deaths from COVID-19 reported in the National Health Surveillance System (SNVS). METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted based on the analysis of all-cause mortality series for the period 2015-2019,2020 and confirmed COVID-19 deaths during 2020 in Argentina. The EM was calculated as the difference between the number of deaths in 2020 and the alert threshold (75th percentile of historical data). The proportion of excess deaths not explained by deaths reported by COVID-19 in the surveillance system was calculated. RESULTS: EM in Argentina in 2020 was 10.6% (36306 deaths above the threshold). In the first half of the year there was no excess, deaths were below the expected lower limit; in the second half of the year it was 25.6% above the threshold. A total of45568 COVID-19 deaths were reported to the SNVS. DISCUSSION: Mortality values are in accordance with the evolution of the pandemic in the country. The COVID-19 death reporting system is robust due to the contribution of a wide notification network and the cross-checking with other official sources to complete the information in the SNVS.

Keywords : COVID-19; Excess Mortality; VitalStatistics; Epidemiologic Surveillance; Argentina.

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