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Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Universidad Nacional de Cuyo

On-line version ISSN 1853-8665


DEL VALLE, Eleodoro Eduardo  and  DOUCET, Marcelo Edmundo. Effects of Galleria mellonella cadavers infected with Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema rarum, their macerates and dead infective juveniles on Meloidogyne javanica suppression. Rev. Fac. Cienc. Agrar., Univ. Nac. Cuyo [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.1. ISSN 1853-8665.

Nematodes of the Meloidogyne genus affect to most of crops of an economic importance in Argentina. Researches related to new control strategies are needed to reduce the damage produced by these organisms. The objective of this work was to compare the effects of Galleria mellonella cadavers infected with the Argentine isolates Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Rama Caída and Steinernema rarum NOE, cadaver macerates and dead infective juveniles (IJs) on M. javanica suppression. Experiments were performed using 24-well plates and pepper plants grown in a growth chamber. The entomopathogenic nematodes-infected G. mellonella cadavers, their cadaver macerates and dead IJs were effective in suppressing M. javanica second-stage juveniles under laboratory conditions. The use of H. bacteriophora-infected cadavers caused a significant decrease in the number of galls and egg masses on pepper plants parasitized by M. javanica, in a growth-chamber.

Keywords : Entomopathogenic nematodes; Biological control; Heterorhabditis bacteriophora; Steinernema rarum; Meloidogyne javanica.

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