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Temas y Debates

versión On-line ISSN 1853-984X


VARESI, Gastón. From the crisis of the neo-developmentalist regime and the Kirchnerist hegemony to the triumph of Cambiemos. Temas debates (En línea) [online]. 2018, n.35, pp.13-38. ISSN 1853-984X.

In 2015, Cambiemos defeated the Kirchnerism, reaching the national government and establishing a turning point. This article seeks to understand what were the tensions, both at the level of the neo-developmentalist regime and the hegemonic construction on which it was based, that made that result possible. To do this, we propose to investigate the change of relations of force, from a multi-dimensional and multi-scalar approach, identifying the factors of crisis in the facets of accumulation and hegemony, in order to visualize different limits and contradictions that contributed to the erosion of the project that led Argentina between 2003 and 2015. Based on an analysis of the three key cores of the accumulation process: policies, economic variables and class fractions, we will account for the formation of different imbalances such as the persistent inflation, the energy crisis, investment reticence, capital outflow, among others, that were eroding public and external accounts, in a context of high foreignization and concentration that favored the veto capacity of big capital on the initiatives of Kirchnerism. Likewise, we will approach different aspects of the hegemonic strategy of this force, its potency, limits and weathering, in order to create an integrative reading on the period of study.

Palabras clave : Neo-developmentalist regime; Productive-exporter model; Kirchnerist hegemony; Relations of force; Argentina.

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