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Palabra clave

On-line version ISSN 1853-9912


RENDON ROJAS, Miguel Ángel. Una epistemología dialéctica para el análisis de la ciencia. Palabra clave [online]. 2021, vol.10, n.2, pp.121-121. ISSN 1853-9912.

The objective of this article is to find an epistemology that allows the foundation of scientific knowledge, to answer the questions that appear in its construction and to allow its further development. As a methodology, the following methods of philosophy are used: hermeneutics for the interpretation of texts, analysis and synthesis to decompose the ideas of the texts read and recompose them in a new vision within the analyzed problematic; and deduction to obtain valid inferences from those obtained ideas. Epistemology is conceived neither as a particular scientific discipline nor as a prescriptive discipline, but as a branch of philosophy that studies science. Dialectical-hermeneutic realism is proposed as the philosophical framework that supports and orients the sought epistemology, so realism, dialectics and hermeneutics are analyzed. Results: both a realism far from the static dogmatism that requires a passive knowing subject, and a constructivism away from subjectivism and relativism are justified. Conclusions: a dialectical-hermeneutic realist epistemology is useful for the analysis of science in general and information science in particular, since it allows to explain the evolution of both and the problem of the relationship between new and old theories; the inter and transdiscipline; as well as the role of the subject and society in the construction of science without denying objectivity.

Keywords : Epistemology; Hermeneutical dialectical realism; Information science; Dialectic.

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