Revista argentina de cirugía
versión impresa ISSN 2250-639X
GONZALEZ AGUILAR, Osvaldo et al. Bocio Cervicotorácico ¿De qué depende el abordaje torácico?. Rev. argent. cir. [online]. 2011, vol.100, pp. 23-28. ISSN 2250-639X.
Background: Only 2% of cervicothoracic goiters are resected through a thoracic approach. There are no strict guidelines that dictate the need for this surgical approach. Objective: Investigate clinical, radiographic factors associated with the need for a thoracic approach in cervicothoracic goiters. Design: Retrospective - Observational. Setting: Public tertiary care head and neck referral center. Population: 54 patients, 51.8 male with a rate 1/1. mean age was 57.8 years, 29.6% recurred goiters, 81.5% was benign and hte rest malign tumours. Methods: In 29.6% a thoracic approach was needed: sternotomy in 10, manubriotomy in 4 and lateral thoracotomy in 2. Total thyroidectomy was used i n72.2%. Results: There were complications in 10 and sequelas in 8. 5 years overall survival in malignant tumors was 25%. Conclusions: Cervicothoracic seems to be most appropriate term. Patients who needed thoracic approach were adult of both genders. Cervical approach solve most of cases. But 90% of malignant tumours needed any type of thoracic approach statiscally significant expressed. Carinal extension, aberrant or posterior goiters, always needed a thoracic approach. Lateral thoracotomy was reserved only for the last two types of goiters.
Palabras clave : Cervicothoracic goiter; Approach ways for goiter.