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vol.105 issue1Ingeniería de tejidos y cirugía de la pared abdominal: prototipo de bioprótesis author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista argentina de cirugía

On-line version ISSN 2250-639X


PANKL, Leonardo et al. Análisis de N2 insospechado en pacientes con cáncer de pulmón de células no pequeñas estadio clínico IA: impacto de la estadificación actual y localización del tumor. Rev. argent. cir. [online]. 2013, vol.105, n.1, pp.1-6. ISSN 2250-639X .

Background: Accurate staging in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is essential to define the appropriate treatment, primary being the affection of mediastinal lymph node groups (N2). Objective: To determine the incidence of unexpected N2 compromise, according to the new subdivision of T1 tumors in T1a and T1b, and lobe tumor location, in patients with clinical stage IA. Setting: Thoracic Surgery Department, Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires Design: Restrospective, cohort Population: Patients operated on with curative intent, clinical Stage IA, with final histological diagnosis of NSCLC between 2000 and 2010. Methods: Incidence of unsuspected N2 disease was analyzed according to the tumor size (up to 20 mm, more than 20 to 30 mm), side, lobe location (upper and middle, lower lobes), sex, age, tumor type and smoking history. Outcome measures: Student's t test, Chi square and Fisher. Results: 115 patients were included (men, 54.7%; mean age, 61 years, range 44-85). Average nodule size was 17.4 mm (6-30); 57.3% patients had nodules up to 20 mm (T1a) and 42.7% between 20 mm and 30 mm (T1b). Histology showed 82.6% adenocarcinoma. Lobectomy was performed in 101 patients (87.8%). Unsuspected N2 compromise was present in 9 (7.8%) patients. When divided into subgroups, 3 (4.5%) were T1a and 6 (12.2%) were T1b (p=0.14). All of the N2 were observed in tumors located in the upper or the middle lobes (9/80, 11.2%, p= 0.03). No nodules smaller than 10 mm showed N2 disease. The side, age, sex, tumor type and histology did not correlate with unsuspected N2 (p=NS). Conclusions: In patients with clinical stage IA with nodules up to 20 mm (T1a) the incidence of unsuspected N2 disease is very low (4.5%). The surgical resection, without invasive staging, achieves a satisfactory 5-year survival rate (91%) in this group of patients. Subcentimeter and lower lobe nodules showed no unsuspected N2 nodal metastastases.

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