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Historia de la educación - anuario

versión On-line ISSN 2313-9277


FRIEDRICH, Daniel. Creating a past in the present: Memory, identity and teaching in postdictaorship argentina. Hist. educ. anu. [online]. 2014, vol.15, n.1, pp.157-163. ISSN 2313-9277.

The dissertation concerns the pedagogical discursive practices that, since the end of the last military dictatorship in Argentina, have generated principles about who is the "responsible citizen" and what constitutes democratic conduct. The focus is set on national education laws and congressional debates, textbooks, and public memorial spaces produced since the democratic opening in 1983. The study draws on foucaultian analysis to make visible the ways in which subjectivities are linked to collective belonging in terms of democratic narratives of the nation. The dissertation explores the limits of the pedagogical common sense that aims at remaking the citizen and thereby preventing the horror of the past from ever happening again. The grid of discursive practices about the subject of democracy is examined as a certain memory work and the construction of a historical consciousness are deployed as technologies in governing the self and the population. The principles generated embody a particular foundational view of democracy that continuously re-inscribes a partition that determines who is to participate and how that participation is to take place in ways that negate the very democracy that these efforts are attempting to achieve.

Palabras clave : Historical consciousness; Democratic education; Dictatorship; Memory; Citizenship.

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