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Revista de historia americana y argentina

versión On-line ISSN 2314-1549


OSATINSKY, Ariel. Productive structure, activity related to sugar industry and the labor market in Tucuman (1930-1970). Rev. hist. am. argent. [online]. 2012, vol.47, n.1, pp.41-70. ISSN 2314-1549 .

The productive structure of Tucumán underwent changes of great importance during the 1930-1970 period. The passage from a work-intensive industrialization based on the substitution of imports to a capital-intensive one, with predominance of the most efficient and larger companies, implied that both the agriculture activity and the manufacturing sector of the province lost importance. Since 1955, the sugar industry developed its activity within a frame of growing deregulation policies, which resulted in a deep deterioration by the end of the 1960's, with the closure of 11 out of 27 sugar refineries. The object of this paper is to examine the relation between the aforementioned economic transformations and the employment problems suffered by the economically active population in the province, taking into account that Tucumán had the lowest unemployment rate at the beginning of the 1930 decade, while it suffered a noticeable deterioration in labor market conditions by the end of the 1960's.

Palabras clave : Productive structure; Sugar industry; Employment problems; Tucumán.

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