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Revista de historia americana y argentina

versión impresa ISSN 2314-1549


SANTOS LEPERA, Lucía. LOS LÍMITES DE LA CONFRONTACIÓN: LA IGLESIA CATÓLICA Y EL GOBIERNO PERONISTA: (Tucumán, 1952-1955). Rev. hist. am. argent. [online]. 2015, vol.50, n.2, pp.215-248. ISSN 2314-1549.

Since the end of 1954, the Catholic Church played a central role in the coup d'etat of September 1955, which brought to an end Peron's government. The process by which the ecclesiastical institution step to integrate the spectrum opponent of peronism was addressed taking into account the case of the Capital Federal and the city of Cordoba, key locations to explore the insurrection civic-military. The aim of the paper is to analyze the itinerary of relations between the Catholic Church and government in Tucumán (1952-1955). It is argued that in the province is not registred the progressive deterioration of relations between the Church and Peronism that were visible in the metropolitan scene and in other dioceses of the country, showing, on the contrary, a field of collaboration that remained uninterrupted until 1955. In this way, without denying the tensions that streaked the path of the relations between the Catholic Church and the provincial government, this article argues that in Tucumán was not observed the escalation of violence and confrontation that emerged since 1954 as a constant in other areas of the country. This leads us to wonder about the factors that have combined to give way for the expectant climate that prevailed in the Tucumán society and the impact of the events which took place at the national level during the final stages of the Peronist government, as well as undertake a comparative analysis of the strategies followed by the ecclesiastical hierarchy and the lay movement in the Capital Federal and in the city of Cordoba.

Palabras clave : Catholic Church; peronism; coup d'etat; Tucumán.

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