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Revista de la Sociedad Argentina de Diabetes

versão impressa ISSN 0325-5247versão On-line ISSN 2346-9420


GIORGI, Mariano Aníbal et al. Consenso de manejo del paciente con diabetes mellitus y patología cardiovascular. Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología (SAC)-Sociedad Argentina de Diabetes (SAD). Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes [online]. 2021, vol.55, suppl.1, pp.3-70. ISSN 0325-5247.

This Consensus comes to light in the midst of one of the worst global health crises in the last 100 years. SARS-CoV-2 and its clinical manifestation, COVID-19, have caused a disruption in how doctors and patients interact. Although it is an infectious disease, one of the most notable characteristics is that its mortality increases in patients with chronic non-communicable diseases and, in particular, with a history of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

In this context, then, we believe that the recommendations made in this document, which aim to identify and protect these patients, become more relevant, while the implementation, beyond the statements, of specific cardiometabolic prevention policies becomes a priority.

Methodology: this consensus is the result of the will of two Scientific Societies that have recognized the need to complement the focus on the same problem: that of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), or who are at risk to suffer it. Both the Argentine Society of Cardiology (SAC) and the Argentine Society of Diabetes (SAD) have a recognized track record in the production of practice guidelines and consensus documents, although each has different work practices and cultures. Consequently, the first task that was faced was to agree, not only on the agenda and the approach to the different issues, but also on common working methods: general objective of the document, how to analyze and evalua-te the weight of the information, define the levels of evidence and determine the degrees of recommendation. It was agreed to adopt the modality used by the SAC in all the documents produced by the Consensus and Standards Area, set out in the following table:

The experts who collaborated in the drafting of the Consensus were selected and invited to participate with the unanimous agreement of the group of Directors and Secretaries belonging to both Scientific Societies. Colleagues with recognized experience in the disciplines addressed were summoned to analyze the evidence and write the recommendations. All the methodological aspects and the final recommendations of this document were defined by agreement between the group of Directors and Consensus Secretaries.The information consolidation process was slow: from the decision of both companies until the writing of this document, the field of DM and CVD management underwent profound transformations that transcend the appearance of new therapeutic agents. What has been developed is a new approach model that is, in the words of Dr. Alicia Elbert, transdisciplinary. This has implied waiting and being able to understand and "process" all the information that has emerged in these years. This document, which aims to assist physicians in daily practice, has tried to adopt this new integrative perspective.

Palavras-chave : guidelines; diabetes mellitus; cardiovascular diseases; epidemiology; risk factors; prevention; cardiovascular risk assessment; patient management; pharmacological treatment; revascularization; heart failure.

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